Selecting the right container for a plant is important. If you are going to plant a vegetable that will produce rather large fruit, then you must select a large container.
When you are selecting the container, it does help to have an idea of exactly what you desire to plant. Common container sizes range from 2-inch pots (which most serious container gardeners won’t use too often) to 20-gallon tubs. The size you choose depends on the type of plant you need, the spot where the plants will be located, your budget, and if you be moving the container around or if someone else will be. Keep in mind the weight of the plants you buy a container: a fruit tree in a 20-gallon container can weigh several hundred pounds.
In general, the most popular size container is one-gallon in size. It will comfortably grow just about every plant including annuals and perennials. Cost of this size will vary, depending on the type of material it is made of. What is especially nice about this size is that it can be easy to move and transplant around your property.
As a container gardener, you are limited only by your imagination. Consider these guidelines when choosing your container.
- Consider containers with wide openings.
- Cheap plastic pots may deteriorate in UV sunlight, if you buy plastic, use plastics that are free from BPA and other potentially harmful chemicals.
- Small pots restrict the root area and dry out very quickly. The size and number of plants to be grown will determine the size of the container used. Deep rooted vegetables require deep pots.
- In the warmer climates select light-colored containers to lessen heat absorption and discourage uneven root growth.
- Clay pots can be a good choice. If you select clay pots, remember that clay is porous and water is lost from the sides of the container. Plants in clay pots should be monitored closely for loss of moisture.
- Glazed ceramic pots are excellent choices, but remember, they require several drainage holes.